- only species with images listed
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Zoropsidae (False Wolf Spiders)
Biology: A small family with two european genera, Zoropsis with 7 species in south and south east Europe and Akamasia with 1 species on Cyprus.
Characters of family: With cribellum in front of spinnerets. The members of this family are cribellate analogs of the wolf spiders (Lycosidae) as they do not build webs, but hunt their prey freely. Tarsi with two claws, claw tufts and scopulae. Calamistrum indistinct in the male.
This family is represented in Europe with 7 species in 2 genera (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009). European genera (number of species in parenthesis): Akamasia (1), Zoropsis (6).
Genus: Zoropsis Simon, 1878
Characters of genus: Posterior row of eyes strongly recurved.
There are 6 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Zoropsis bilineata, Z. lutea, Z. media, Z. oertzeni, Z. rufipes, Z. spinimana.
Zoropsis bilineata Dahl, 1901
Range: Spain (Balearic Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Mallorca, Morocco, Algeria (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Zoropsis rufipes (Lucas, 1838)
Range: Portugal (Madeira), Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is, Madeira (Platnick 10.0).
Subadult male, abdominal markings.
Juvenile.
Juvenile, abdominal markings.
Juvenile.
Subadult male.
Subadult male.
Subadult male.
Zoropsis spinimana (Dufour, 1820) - Garage Spider
Description: This species bears resemblance to a wolf spider. Tibia I with 6-7 pairs of strong spines (macrosetae) ventrally. Length of calamistrium about one quarter of the length of metatarsus IV. This species is active during the night. Size: Female 12-15 mm; male 9-11 mm. Maturity: Autumn to spring. Habitat: Forest edges, under rocks and behind bark. Also encountered in and around bulidings where the species is able to climb vetical surfaces such as walls. Range: Austria, Belgium (introduced), Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany (introduced), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Malta, Portugal (Mainland), Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland (introduced) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Mediterranean to Russia (USA, introduced) (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female, calamistrum on metatarsus IV.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Female tibia I.
Mouthparts of female.
Epigyne.
Claw tuft of female tarsus.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings.
Female.
Female abdomen in ventral view. Note that cribellum is just visible anterior to spinners.
Male.
Female, tarsus with scopula.
Male.
Female epigyne.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Sternum and mouthparts.