- all species listed
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Zodariidae (Spotted Ground Spiders)
Genus: Amphiledorus Jocqu & Bosmans, 2001
Amphiledorus adonis Jocqu & Bosmans, 2001
Range: Portugal (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal (Platnick 10.0).
Amphiledorus balnearius Jocqu & Bosmans, 2001
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, Algeria (Platnick 10.0).
Amphiledorus histrionicus (Simon, 1884)
Range: Spain (Mainland)? (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Algeria, Tunisia (Platnick 10.0).
Amphiledorus ungoliantae Pekr & Cardoso, 2005
Range: Portugal (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Lachesana Strand, 1932
Lachesana blackwalli (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)
Range: Cyprus, Greece (Crete) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Crete, Cyprus, Turkey, Israel, Lebanon (Platnick 10.0).
Lachesana graeca Thaler & Knoflach, 2004
Range: Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Palaestina O. P.-Cambridge, 1872
Palaestina expolita O. P.-Cambridge, 1872
Range: Greece (Crete), Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Crete, Turkey, Israel, Lebanon (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Genus: Selamia Simon, 1873
Selamia reticulata (Simon, 1870)
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Western Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Genus: Zodariella (not Platnick version 10)
Zodariella nenilini (Eskov, 1995)
Range: Russia (Eastern European) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Russia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Zodarion Walckenaer, 1826
Zodarion aculeatum Chyzer, 1897
Range: Bulgaria, Macedonia, Romania, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Bulgaria, Serbia, Macedonia (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion aegaeum Denis, 1935
Range: Greece (Cyclades) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion affine (Simon, 1870)
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion alacre (Simon, 1870)
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Zodarion algarvense Bosmans, 1994
Range: Portugal (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion algiricum (Lucas, 1846)
Range: Italy (Sicily), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, Sicily, Morocco, Algeria (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion andalusiacum Jocqu, 1991
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion atlanticum Pekr & Cardoso, 2005
Range: Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Azores (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Zodarion attikaense Wunderlich, 1980
Range: Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion aurorae Weiss, 1982
Range: Romania (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Romania (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion bacelarae Pekr, 2003
Range: Portugal (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion beticum Denis, 1957
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion bosmansi Pekr & Cardoso, 2005
Range: Portugal (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion caporiaccoi Roewer, 1942
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion confusum Denis, 1935
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion costablancae Bosmans, 1994
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion couseranense Bosmans, 1997
Range: France (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion cyprium Kulczynski, 1908
Range: Cyprus, Greece (Crete), Greece (Mainland), Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Cyprus, Crete, Lebanon, Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion diatretum Denis, 1935
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion duriense Cardoso, 2003
Range: Portugal (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion elegans (Simon, 1873)
Range: Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Southern Europe, North Africa (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion emarginatum (Simon, 1873)
Range: France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Malta (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Corsica, Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion epirense Brignoli, 1984
Range: Bulgaria, Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion frenatum Simon, 1884
Range: Bulgaria, Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Italy (Mainland), Macedonia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy, Greece, Crete, Corfu, Turkey (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Zodarion fulvonigrum (Simon, 1874)
Range: France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion fuscum (Simon, 1870)
Range: France (Mainland), Great Britain (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Britain, France, Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion gallicum (Simon, 1873)
Range: Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Corsica, Italy, Balkans, Turkey (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837)
Range: Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female feeding on ant.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Zodarion geticum Weiss, 1987
Range: Bulgaria, Romania (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Romania (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion gracilitibiale Denis, 1933
Range: France (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion graecum (C. L. Koch, 1843)
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Macedonia, Ukraine?, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Europe, Israel (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion granulatum Kulczynski, 1908
Range: Cyprus, Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Cyprus, Greece, Israel (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male, note granulated cephalothorax.
Zodarion gregua Bosmans, 1994
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion guadianense Cardoso, 2003
Range: Portugal (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion hamatum Wiehle, 1964
Range: Austria, Croatia, Italy (Mainland), Slovenia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy, Austria, Slovenia (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion hauseri Brignoli, 1984
Range: Greece (Mainland), Macedonia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion isabellinum (Simon, 1870)
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion italicum (Canestrini, 1868)
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Zodarion jozefienae Bosmans, 1994
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Zodarion kossamos Bosmans, 2009
Global range: Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion ludibundum Simon, 1914
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Sicily) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Corsica, Sicily, Algeria (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion lusitanicum Cardoso, 2003
Range: Portugal (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion machadoi Denis, 1939
Range: Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain, Azores (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion maculatum (Simon, 1870)
Range: Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain, Sicily, Morocco (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion mallorca Bosmans, 1994
Range: Spain (Balearic Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Mallorca (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion marginiceps Simon, 1914
Range: France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion merlijni Bosmans, 1994
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion minutum Bosmans, 1994
Range: Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, Mallorca, Ibiza (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion modestum (Simon, 1870)
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion morosum Denis, 1935
Range: Bulgaria, Greece (Cyclades), Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Zodarion murphyorum Bosmans, 1994
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion musarum Brignoli, 1984
Range: Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion nesiotes Denis, 1965
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Subadult male.
Subadult male.
Zodarion nesiotoides Wunderlich, 1992
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion nigriceps (Simon, 1873)
Range: France (Corsica), Italy (Sardinia), Malta (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Corsica, Sardinia (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion nitidum (Audouin, 1826)
Range: Croatia, Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: North Africa, Middle East (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion occitaneum Dugès, 1836 (Nomen dubium)
Range: France (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion ohridense Wunderlich, 1973
Range: Bulgaria, Macedonia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Bulgaria, Macedonia (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion pirini Drensky, 1921
Range: Bulgaria, Macedonia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Bulgaria (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion pseudoelegans Denis, 1933
Range: France (Mainland), Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France, Ibiza (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion pusio Simon, 1914
Range: Bosnia/Herzegowina, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy, Tunisia, Bosnia-Hercegovina (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Zodarion pythium Denis, 1935
Range: Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion remotum Denis, 1935
Range: France (Corsica), Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Corsica, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion reticulatum Kulczynski, 1908
Range: Cyprus? (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Cyprus (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion rhodiense Caporiacco, 1948
Range: Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion rhodiense nigrifemur Caporiacco, 1948
Range: Greece (Dodecanese Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914
Range: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (introduced in USA, Canada) (Platnick 10.0).
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Subadult male.
Subadult male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Zodarion rudyi Bosmans, 1994
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion ruffoi Caporiacco, 1951
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion sardum Bosmans, 1997
Range: Italy (Sardinia) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Sardinia (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion scutatum Wunderlich, 1980
Range: Croatia, Slovenia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Slovenia (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion segurense Bosmans, 1994
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion soror (Simon, 1873)
Range: France (Corsica), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Corsica (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion spinibarbis Wunderlich, 1973
Range: Greece (Crete), Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece, Crete (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion styliferum (Simon, 1870)
Range: Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain, Madeira (Platnick 10.0).
Female, epigyne.
Zodarion styliferum extraneum Denis, 1935
Range: Portugal (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion thoni Nosek, 1905
Range: Bulgaria, Russia (Southern European) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Europe to Armenia (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Zodarion timidum (Simon, 1874)
Range: France (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion turcicum Wunderlich, 1980
Range: Bulgaria (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Bulgaria, Turkey (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion vanimpei Bosmans, 1994
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion vicinum Denis, 1935
Range: Great Britain (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Macedonia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: England, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Zodarion viduum Denis, 1937
Range: Portugal (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal (Platnick 10.0).