- only species with images listed
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Zodariidae (Spotted Ground Spiders)
This family is represented in Europe with 90 species in 6 genera (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009). European genera (number of species in parenthesis): Amphiledorus (4), Lachesana (2), Palaestina (1), Selamia (1), Zodariella (1), Zodarion (81).
Genus: Palaestina O. P.-Cambridge, 1872
There is 1 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Palaestina expolita.
Palaestina expolita O. P.-Cambridge, 1872
Range: Greece (Crete), Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Crete, Turkey, Israel, Lebanon (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Genus: Selamia Simon, 1873
There is 1 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Selamia reticulata.
Selamia reticulata (Simon, 1870)
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Western Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Genus: Zodarion Walckenaer, 1826
There are 81 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Zodarion aculeatum, Z. aegaeum, Z. affine, Z. alacre, Z. algarvense, Z. algiricum, Z. andalusiacum, Z. atlanticum, Z. attikaense, Z. aurorae, Z. bacelarae, Z. beticum, Z. bosmansi, Z. caporiaccoi, Z. confusum, Z. costablancae, Z. couseranense, Z. cyprium, Z. diatretum, Z. duriense, Z. elegans, Z. emarginatum, Z. epirense, Z. frenatum, Z. fulvonigrum, Z. fuscum, Z. gallicum, Z. germanicum, Z. geticum, Z. gracilitibiale, Z. graecum, Z. granulatum, Z. gregua, Z. guadianense, Z. hamatum, Z. hauseri, Z. isabellinum, Z. italicum, Z. jozefienae, Z. kossamos, Z. ludibundum, Z. lusitanicum, Z. machadoi, Z. maculatum, Z. mallorca, Z. marginiceps, Z. merlijni, Z. minutum, Z. modestum, Z. morosum, Z. murphyorum, Z. musarum, Z. nesiotes, Z. nesiotoides, Z. nigriceps, Z. nitidum, Z. occitaneum (nomen dubium), Z. ohridense, Z. pirini, Z. pseudoelegans, Z. pusio, Z. pythium, Z. remotum, Z. reticulatum, Z. rhodiense, Z. rhodiense nigrifemur, Z. rubidum, Z. rudyi, Z. ruffoi, Z. sardum, Z. scutatum, Z. segurense, Z. soror, Z. spinibarbis, Z. styliferum, Z. styliferum extraneum, Z. thoni, Z. timidum, Z. turcicum, Z. vanimpei, Z. vicinum, Z. viduum.
Zodarion alacre (Simon, 1870)
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Zodarion atlanticum Pekr & Cardoso, 2005
Range: Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Azores (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Zodarion frenatum Simon, 1884
Range: Bulgaria, Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Italy (Mainland), Macedonia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy, Greece, Crete, Corfu, Turkey (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Zodarion germanicum (C. L. Koch, 1837)
Range: Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female feeding on ant.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Zodarion granulatum Kulczynski, 1908
Range: Cyprus, Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Cyprus, Greece, Israel (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male, note granulated cephalothorax.
Zodarion italicum (Canestrini, 1868)
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Netherlands, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Zodarion jozefienae Bosmans, 1994
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Zodarion morosum Denis, 1935
Range: Bulgaria, Greece (Cyclades), Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Zodarion nesiotes Denis, 1965
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Subadult male.
Subadult male.
Zodarion pusio Simon, 1914
Range: Bosnia/Herzegowina, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy, Tunisia, Bosnia-Hercegovina (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Zodarion rubidum Simon, 1914
Range: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (introduced in USA, Canada) (Platnick 10.0).
Subadult male.
Male.
Subadult male.
Juvenile.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Juvenile.
Female.
Zodarion styliferum (Simon, 1870)
Range: Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain, Madeira (Platnick 10.0).
Female, epigyne.
Zodarion thoni Nosek, 1905
Range: Bulgaria, Russia (Southern European) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Europe to Armenia (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.