- all species listed
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Titanoecidae (Rock Weavers)
Genus: Nurscia Simon, 1874
Biology: I am sorry that I have been showing images of misidentified species formerly. Thanks to Anton A. Nodolny these errors have now been corrected.
Characters of genus: Consult Nadolny & Kovblyuk (2010). Differentiation of Nurscia albomaculata and N. albosignata (Araneae: Titanoecidae): two sibling and sympatric species from Crimea, Ukraine (Book of Abstracts, 18th International Congress of Arachnology, Siedlce, Poland and poster with drawings of copulatory organs of both N. albomaculata and N. albosignata).
Nurscia albomaculata (Lucas, 1846)
Description: Female epigyne with parallel edges of median epigynal plate. Male palp shorter than carapace. Range: Bulgaria, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Crete), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Macedonia, Malta, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Southern European), Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland), Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female epigyne (epigyne of N. albosignata for comparison).
Female.
Female.
Nurscia albosignata Simon, 1874
Description: Female epigyne with curved edges of median epigynal plate which is wider posteriorly. Male palp longer than carapace. Range: Bulgaria, Cyprus, Greece (Mainland), Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Bulgaria, Cyprus to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male abdominal markings.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings.
Nurscia sequerai (Simon, 1892)
Range: France (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal to France (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Pandava Lehtinen, 1967
Pandava laminata (Thorell, 1878)
Range: Germany (introduced) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Sri Lanka to China, New Guinea, Marquesas Is. (Germany, introduced) (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Titanoeca Thorell, 1870
Titanoeca flavicoma L. Koch, 1872
Range: France (Corsica), Italy (Mainland), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Northern European) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Titanoeca hispanica Wunderlich, 1995
Range: France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Titanoeca incerta (Nosek, 1905)
Range: Bulgaria (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Bulgaria, Turkey (Platnick 10.0).
Titanoeca monticola (Simon, 1870)
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Titanoeca nivalis Simon, 1874
Range: Andorra, Austria, Finland, France (Mainland), Norway (Mainland), Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Holarctic (Platnick 10.0).
Titanoeca praefica (Simon, 1870)
Range: France (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France, Algeria, Russia (Platnick 10.0).
Titanoeca psammophila Wunderlich, 1993
Range: Czech Republic, Finland, Germany, Poland, Slovakia, Sweden (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Sweden, Central Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Titanoeca quadriguttata (Hahn, 1833)
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Eastern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Titanoeca schineri L. Koch, 1872
Range: Austria, Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Titanoeca tristis L. Koch, 1872
Range: Belarus, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Mainland), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Luxemburg, Macedonia, Moldova, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Eastern European), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Titanoeca ukrainica Guryanova, 1992
Range: Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Titanoeca veteranica Herman, 1879
Range: Bulgaria, Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Europe to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).