- filtered for Croatia
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Oxyopidae (Lynx Spiders)
Biology: This family is mainly tropical in distribution, with only a few European species in two genera. Lynx spiders are diurnal hunters of low vegetation where they exploit their excellent ability to run and jump. Neither snares or retreats are built. The eggsack is fastened near the top of low vegetation, and is guarded by the female.
Characters of family: The members of the family are characterized by spinose legs, the spines erect and pointing in all directions. Also the hexagonal arrangement of the eyes is characteristic. Abdomen tapers to a blunt point posteriorly.
Genus: Oxyopes Latreille, 1804
Characters of genus: The genus is distinguished from most other Oxyopidae genera by the following characters: Posterior row of eyes strongly procurved. The distance between the posterior laterals, and the posterior medials or the anterior medials is about the same. The distance between the anterior medials, and the posterior laterals is also subequal. Legs IV are longer than legs III.
Oxyopes heterophthalmus (Latreille, 1804)
Range: Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European)?, Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Oxyopes lineatus Latreille, 1806
Range: Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Oxyopes ramosus (Martini & Goeze, 1778)
Description: The dark-brown ground colour is partly hidden by a fairly dense clothing of red-brown and white squamose hairs. These hairs are distributed to make up a characteristic pattern with the front of the head divided by a thin white stripe continuing back behind the eyes, where it broadens to form a wide, pale median band. Two less distinct lines originate in the eye region, and run backwards and towards the margins of the carapace. Abdomen reddish-brown with wide pale median band, sometimes enclosing a darker area anteriorly. Legs dark brown, but ringed with red-brown and white squamose hairs. Size: Female 6-10 mm; male 6 mm. Maturity: Males in May and June, females until August. Habitat: In Denmark this species is confined to warm, damp heathland. A wider habitat range is found in Central Europe, where the species also occupy meadows and open forests with tall herbage and bushes, as well as both dry and damp heathland. Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Subadult male.
Subadult male.