- only species with images listed
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Oxyopidae (Lynx Spiders)
Biology: This family is mainly tropical in distribution, with only a few European species in two genera. Lynx spiders are diurnal hunters of low vegetation where they exploit their excellent ability to run and jump. Neither snares or retreats are built. The eggsack is fastened near the top of low vegetation, and is guarded by the female.
Characters of family: The members of the family are characterized by spinose legs, the spines erect and pointing in all directions. Also the hexagonal arrangement of the eyes is characteristic. Abdomen tapers to a blunt point posteriorly.
This family is represented in Europe with 11 species in 2 genera (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009). European genera (number of species in parenthesis): Oxyopes (10), Peucetia (2).
Genus: Oxyopes Latreille, 1804
Characters of genus: The genus is distinguished from most other Oxyopidae genera by the following characters: Posterior row of eyes strongly procurved. The distance between the posterior laterals, and the posterior medials or the anterior medials is about the same. The distance between the anterior medials, and the posterior laterals is also subequal. Legs IV are longer than legs III.
There are 10 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Oxyopes carvajali, O. globifer, O. heterophthalmus, O. kraepelinorum, O. lineatus, O. lineatus occidentalis, O. mediterraneus, O. nigripalpis, O. ramosus, O. transalpinus (nomen dubium).
Oxyopes globifer Simon, 1876
Range: Greece (Mainland), Russia (Southern European), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Mediterranean to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Oxyopes heterophthalmus (Latreille, 1804)
Range: Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European)?, Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Oxyopes kraepelinorum Bösenberg, 1895
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Oxyopes lineatus Latreille, 1806
Range: Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Oxyopes mediterraneus Levy, 1999
Range: Greece (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Oxyopes nigripalpis Kulczynski, 1891
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Female.
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Oxyopes ramosus (Martini & Goeze, 1778)
Description: The dark-brown ground colour is partly hidden by a fairly dense clothing of red-brown and white squamose hairs. These hairs are distributed to make up a characteristic pattern with the front of the head divided by a thin white stripe continuing back behind the eyes, where it broadens to form a wide, pale median band. Two less distinct lines originate in the eye region, and run backwards and towards the margins of the carapace. Abdomen reddish-brown with wide pale median band, sometimes enclosing a darker area anteriorly. Legs dark brown, but ringed with red-brown and white squamose hairs. Size: Female 6-10 mm; male 6 mm. Maturity: Males in May and June, females until August. Habitat: In Denmark this species is confined to warm, damp heathland. A wider habitat range is found in Central Europe, where the species also occupy meadows and open forests with tall herbage and bushes, as well as both dry and damp heathland. Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxemburg, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Subadult female.
Female.
Subadult male.
Subadult male.
Male.
Subadult female.
Female.
Male.
Genus: Peucetia Thorell, 1869
There are 2 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Peucetia arabica, P. viridis.
Peucetia arabica Simon, 1882
Range: Greece (Dodecanese Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece, North, East Africa, Middle East (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female abdominal markings.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male palp.
Male abdominal markings.
Male.
Peucetia sp.
Juvenile (id?).
Juvenile (id?).