- filtered for Italy (Mainland)
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Oonopidae (Dwarf Cell Spiders)
Biology: Some species occurring in North and Central Europe are introduced to greenhouses and other buildings from warmer regions.
Characters of family: The members of this family are rather small, about 2 mm in body length. They have only six, relatively large eyes that are virtually contigous and situated on a narrow head, marginally wider than the eyegroup. The species are generally coloured in shades of red, pink and orange.
Genus: Oonops Templeton, 1835
Characters of genus: The number of paired spines on Tibia I separates the species with O. domesticus having five pairs and O. pulcher having just four.
Oonops domesticus Dalmas, 1916
Description: Oonops domesticus is easily recognised by its red colour and way of walking, which alternates between slow walks and short runs. This is particularly evident if the spider is gently disturbed. The species is one of only about five Danish spiders with six eyes, the remaining more than 500 species having eight. The eyes of Oonops domesticus are pearly indicating this is a nocturnal species. Size: Female 2 mm; male 1.5 mm. Maturity: All year. Habitat: The species lives exclusively within houses and rare outdoor findings are supposedly stray specimens. Range: Belgium, Denmark, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Mainland), Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Western Europe to Russia (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Oonops placidus Dalmas, 1916
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France (Platnick 10.0).
Oonops placidus corsicus Dalmas, 1916
Range: France (Corsica), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Oonops pulcher Templeton, 1835
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Ukraine, North Africa, Tasmania (Platnick 10.0).
Oonops tubulatus Dalmas, 1916
Range: Italy (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Algeria (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Genus: Orchestina Simon, 1882
Orchestina longipes Dalmas, 1922
Range: Italy (Mainland), Spain (Balearic Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Orchestina pavesii (Simon, 1873)
Range: Bulgaria, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Portugal (Mainland), Slovakia, Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain to Slovakia, Bulgaria, Algeria, Canary Is, Yemen (Platnick 10.0).
Orchestina simoni Dalmas, 1916
Range: France (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy, Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Silhouettella Benoit, 1979
Silhouettella loricatula (Roewer, 1942)
Range: Bulgaria, Denmark (introduced), France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Malta, Netherlands, Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Central Asia, North Africa, Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Juvenile (1.2 mm, uncertain id). Determined from shape of abdominal scuta, recurv posterior eyerow and habitat.
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Genus: Tapinesthis Simon, 1914
Tapinesthis inermis (Simon, 1882)
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France (Mainland), Germany, Italy (Mainland), Monaco, Netherlands, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (USA, introduced) (Platnick 10.0).
Male (dead).
Male (dead).