- all species listed
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Oonopidae (Dwarf Cell Spiders)
Biology: Some species occurring in North and Central Europe are introduced to greenhouses and other buildings from warmer regions.
Characters of family: The members of this family are rather small, about 2 mm in body length. They have only six, relatively large eyes that are virtually contigous and situated on a narrow head, marginally wider than the eyegroup. The species are generally coloured in shades of red, pink and orange.
Genus: Diblemma O. P.-Cambridge, 1908
Diblemma donisthorpei O. P.-Cambridge, 1908
Range: Great Britain (Channel Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Seychelles, Britain (introduced) (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Gamasomorpha Karsch, 1881
Gamasomorpha insularis Simon, 1907
Range: Portugal (Madeira) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Madeira, Bioko, So Tom, St Helena, Mauritius, Yemen, Seychelles (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Heteroonops Dalmas, 1916
Heteroonops spinimanus (Simon, 1891)
Range: Germany (introduced) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: USA to Panama, West Indies, St. Helena, Seychelles (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Ischnothyreus Simon, 1893
Ischnothyreus lymphaseus Simon, 1893
Range: France (Mainland) (introduced) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Sri Lanka (Platnick 10.0).
Ischnothyreus velox Jackson, 1908
Range: Germany (introduced), Great Britain (Mainland) (introduced), Netherlands (introduced) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Seychelles, Europe (introduced) (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Oonopinus Simon, 1893
Oonopinus angustatus (Simon, 1882)
Range: France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France, Corsica, Algeria (Platnick 10.0).
Oonopinus ionicus Brignoli, 1979
Range: Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Oonops Templeton, 1835
Characters of genus: The number of paired spines on Tibia I separates the species with O. domesticus having five pairs and O. pulcher having just four.
Oonops amoenus Dalmas, 1916
Range: France (Corsica), France (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France (Platnick 10.0).
Oonops domesticus Dalmas, 1916
Description: Oonops domesticus is easily recognised by its red colour and way of walking, which alternates between slow walks and short runs. This is particularly evident if the spider is gently disturbed. The species is one of only about five Danish spiders with six eyes, the remaining more than 500 species having eight. The eyes of Oonops domesticus are pearly indicating this is a nocturnal species. Size: Female 2 mm; male 1.5 mm. Maturity: All year. Habitat: The species lives exclusively within houses and rare outdoor findings are supposedly stray specimens. Range: Belgium, Denmark, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Mainland), Slovakia, Switzerland, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Western Europe to Russia (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Oonops lubricus Dalmas, 1916
Range: France (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France (Platnick 10.0).
Oonops mahnerti Brignoli, 1974
Range: Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Oonops placidus Dalmas, 1916
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France (Platnick 10.0).
Oonops placidus corsicus Dalmas, 1916
Range: France (Corsica), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Oonops procerus Simon, 1882
Range: France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Oonops pulcher Templeton, 1835
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Ukraine, North Africa, Tasmania (Platnick 10.0).
Oonops pulcher hispanicus Dalmas, 1916
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Oonops tubulatus Dalmas, 1916
Range: Italy (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Algeria (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Genus: Opopaea Simon, 1891
Opopaea concolor (Blackwall, 1859)
Range: Portugal (Madeira), Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Madeira, Canary Is, Yemen (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Opopaea punctata (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)
Range: Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Lebanon, Israel (Platnick 10.0).
Opopaea santschii Brignoli, 1974
Range: Cyprus (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Tunisia, Cyprus, Israel (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Orchestina Simon, 1882
Orchestina algerica Dalmas, 1916
Range: Portugal (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Algeria (Platnick 10.0).
Orchestina dubia O. P.-Cambridge, 1911
Range: Great Britain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Britain (introduced) (Platnick 10.0).
Orchestina ebriola Brignoli, 1972
Range: Bulgaria, Greece (Dodecanese Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Orchestina furcillata Wunderlich, 2008
Range: Portugal (Azores) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Azores (Platnick 10.0).
Orchestina longipes Dalmas, 1922
Range: Italy (Mainland), Spain (Balearic Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Orchestina pavesii (Simon, 1873)
Range: Bulgaria, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Portugal (Mainland), Slovakia, Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain to Slovakia, Bulgaria, Algeria, Canary Is, Yemen (Platnick 10.0).
Orchestina pavesiiformis Saaristo, 2007
Range: Spain (Balearic Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Israel (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Orchestina setosa Dalmas, 1916
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Orchestina simoni Dalmas, 1916
Range: France (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy, Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Pelicinus Simon, 1891
Pelicinus mahei (Benoit, 1979)
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is, Seychelles (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Genus: Silhouettella Benoit, 1979
Silhouettella loricatula (Roewer, 1942)
Range: Bulgaria, Denmark (introduced), France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Malta, Netherlands, Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Central Asia, North Africa, Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Juvenile (1.2 mm, uncertain id). Determined from shape of abdominal scuta, recurv posterior eyerow and habitat.
Juvenile.
Juvenile.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Genus: Tapinesthis Simon, 1914
Tapinesthis inermis (Simon, 1882)
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France (Mainland), Germany, Italy (Mainland), Monaco, Netherlands, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (USA, introduced) (Platnick 10.0).
Male (dead).
Male (dead).
Genus: Triaeris Simon, 1891
Triaeris stenaspis Simon, 1891
Range: Czech Republic (introduced), Finland, France (Mainland), Germany (introduced), Great Britain (Mainland), Ireland, Slovakia (van Helsdingen 2009.1).