- all species listed
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Miturgidae (Prowling Spiders)
Biology: This is a small family with only two European genera.
Genus: Cheiracanthium C. L. Koch, 1839 - Longlegged sac spiders
Characters of genus: The males of the genus resemble females but are slimmer and have longer chelicerae. The body colours are various hues of yellow, orange, brown and green. They are swift nocturnal hunters on foliage and surefooted due to dense claw tufts composed of many flattened setae.
Cheiracanthium abbreviatum Simon, 1878
Range: France (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Denmark (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium albidulum (Blackwall, 1859)
Range: Portugal (Madeira), Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Madeira (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female, abdomen with spinelike hairs.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Cheiracanthium angulitarse Simon, 1878
Range: France (Corsica), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Romania, Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium annulipes O. P.-Cambridge, 1872
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, Egypt, Israel (Platnick 10.0).
Female (id?), cataleptic.
Female (id?).
Female (id?).
Female (id?).
Female (id?).
Female (id?).
Female, abdominal markings (id?).
Female (id?).
Male (id?).
Male (id?).
Male (id?).
Cheiracanthium campestre Lohmander, 1944
Range: Austria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Sweden (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Cheiracanthium canariense Wunderlich, 1987
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is, Egypt (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male, abdominal markings.
Male.
Male palp.
Male.
Male.
Cheiracanthium cretense Roewer, 1928
Range: Greece (Crete) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Crete (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium cuniculum Herman, 1879
Range: Hungary, Slovakia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Hungary, Slovakia (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium effossum Herman, 1879
Range: Austria, Belarus, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Romania, Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Central Europe to Russia (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium elegans Thorell, 1875
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France (Mainland), Germany, Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Northern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium erraticum (Walckenaer, 1802)
Description: Light brown cephalothorax, sparsesly covered by thin light hairs. The abdomen has greyish sides and a wide ligth yellow median band enclosing a purple red median stripe. Legs are light brown. Males are smaller and slimmer than females, and with a clearer colouration. Retreats are built in the top of vegetation such as grasses and heather. The spider spend the daytime in the retreat which is also used for oviposition. Size: Female 7-8 mm; male 5-6 mm. Maturity: Males spring and early summer, females spring and summer. Habitat: Warm, mostly dry places with tall grasses and weeds or dwarf shrubs such as grass- and heathland. Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Latvia, Lithuania, Macedonia, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
This male was found in the female’s silken cell built in the top of a heather bush..
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Cheiracanthium floresense Wunderlich, 2008
Range: Portugal (Azores) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Azores (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Cheiracanthium fulvotestaceum Simon, 1878
Range: France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Mainland)?, Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium gratum Kulczynski, 1897
Range: Germany, Hungary (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Germany, Hungary (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium ienisteai Sterghiu, 1985
Range: Romania (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Romania (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium incognitum Kolosvary, 1933
Range: Croatia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: No data (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium jorgeense Wunderlich, 2008
Range: Portugal (Azores) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Azores (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Cheiracanthium macedonicum Drensky, 1921
Range: Bulgaria, Macedonia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Bulgaria, Macedonia (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium margaritae Sterghiu, 1985
Range: Bulgaria, Romania (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Romania (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium mildei L. Koch, 1864
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia?, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Holarctic, Argentina (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Cheiracanthium montanum L. Koch, 1877
Range: Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France (Mainland), Germany, Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Lithuania, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia?, Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium occidentale L. Koch, 1882
Range: Spain (Balearic Islands)? (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Balearic Is (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium oncognathum Thorell, 1871
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Latvia, Macedonia, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Romania, Russia (Central European), Slovakia, Slovenia?, Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe, Russia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Cheiracanthium pelasgicum (C. L. Koch, 1837)
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Moldova, Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland), Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female abdominal markings.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Cheiracanthium pennatum Simon, 1878
Range: France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium pennyi O. P.-Cambridge, 1873
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Netherlands, Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male abdominal markings.
Male.
Male.
Cheiracanthium punctorium (Villers, 1789)
Range: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Subadult male.
Cheiracanthium rupestre Herman, 1879
Range: Austria, Hungary, Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium salsicola Simon, 1932
Range: France (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium seidlitzii L. Koch, 1864
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Portugal (Mainland), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia?, Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Mediterranean to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Cheiracanthium striolatum Simon, 1878
Range: France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Western Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Cheiracanthium virescens (Sundevall, 1833)
Description: Ligth brown carapace and legs, sligtly greenish. Abdomen light greenish-brown without markings except for faint cardiac mark. The eggsacks are found under stones. The species is very similar to C. campestre in general appearance and microscopic examination of the genitialia is needed to separate the species. Cheiracanthium campestre is a very rare species in Denmark, but in some instances specimens may have been misidentified as C. virescens. Size: Female 5-9 mm; male 5-7 mm. Maturity: Spring and summer. Habitat: On vegetation or under stones in dry, sandy places such as dunes and coastal grassland. Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Genus: Prochora Simon, 1886
Prochora lycosiformis (O. P.-Cambridge, 1872)
Range: Italy (Sicily) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Sicily, Israel (Platnick 10.0).