- filtered for Croatia
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Dysderidae (Woodlouse Spiders)
Characters of family: Six-eyed spiders with the eyes arranged in an oval ring. They are haplogyne without epigynes and the male palpal organs are relatively simple. The legs are stout, without much hair and usually with few or none spines.
Genus: Dasumia Thorell, 1875
Dasumia amoena (Kulczynski, 1897)
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (Mainland), Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Europe, Russia, Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Dasumia canestrinii (L. Koch, 1876)
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Southern Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Dasumia chyzeri (Kulczynski, 1906)
Range: Croatia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Dysdera Latreille, 1804
Characters of genus: The chelicerae are long and projects forward considerably. They seem well adapted to defeat woodlice.
Dysdera aculeata Kroneberg, 1875
Range: Croatia? (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Central Asia, Croatia (introduced) (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera adriatica Kulczynski, 1897
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovenia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Austria, Balkans (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera bottazziae Caporiacco, 1951
Range: Bosnia/Herzegowina, Croatia, Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy, Croatia (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera crocata C. L. Koch, 1838
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Portugal (Selvagens Islands), Romania, Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Cosmopolitan (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male palp.
Dysdera dubrovninnii Deeleman-Reinhold, 1988
Range: Albania, Bosnia/Herzegowina, Croatia, Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Balkans, Albania (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Dysdera erythrina (Walckenaer, 1802)
Description: Chelicerae almost half the length of the cephalothorax. This is a character separating it from the somewhat larger and stouter D. crocota which have chelicerae lengths more than half the length of the cephalothorax. Size: Female 9-10 mm; male 7-8 mm. Habitat: Warm, damp and semidamp places, sites also preferred by woodlice. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Macedonia, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia?, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Georgia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male, note that there are no dorsal spines on femur IV.
Male palp.
Male.
Male.
Male, chelicers.
Dysdera granulata Kulczynski, 1897
Range: Albania, Croatia, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy, Balkans, Albania (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera kollari Doblika, 1853
Range: Croatia, Greece (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Slovenia, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Balkans to Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera longirostris Doblika, 1853
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Hungary, Moldova, Romania, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Europe to Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera ninnii Canestrini, 1868
Range: Austria, Bosnia/Herzegowina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Crete), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Central, Southern Europe to Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Dysdera punctata C. L. Koch, 1838
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Mainland)?, Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Slovakia?, Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Southeastern Europe to Georgia (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera westringi O. P.-Cambridge, 1872
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, France (Corsica), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Moldova?, Slovakia, Spain (Mainland), Ukraine?, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Dysderocrates Deeleman-Reinhold & Deeleman, 1988
Dysderocrates egregius (Kulczynski, 1897)
Range: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Hungary, Romania (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Folkia Kratochvl, 1970
Folkia boudewijni Deeleman-Reinhold, 1993
Range: Croatia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Croatia (Platnick 10.0).
Folkia haasi (Reimoser, 1929)
Range: Croatia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Croatia (Platnick 10.0).
Folkia inermis (Absolon & Kratochvíl, 1933)
Range: Croatia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Croatia (Platnick 10.0).
Folkia subcupressa Deeleman-Reinhold, 1993
Range: Croatia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Croatia (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Harpactea Bristowe, 1939
Characters of genus: The nocturnal species of this genus is characterised by small chelicerea as opposed to .
Harpactea hombergi (Scopoli, 1763)
Description: Females with elongate slim abdomen. Males even slimmer with long tubular abdomen. Head rather glossy and dark, abdomen greyish brown. Legs yellow but with parts of femora, tibia and metatarsi darkened. Size: Female 6-7 mm; male 5-6 mm. Maturity: All year? Habitat: Under bark, stones, dead wood and roots, sometimes between dried leaves in grrass tussucks etc. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Female.
Harpactea lepida (C. L. Koch, 1838)
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Ukraine?, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Moldavia (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea rubicunda (C. L. Koch, 1838)
Description: Similar in appearance to Dysdera species but has much less prominent chelicerea. The number of spines on femur IV (8-10) is also higher than found within Dysdera (1-3). These spines are just visible on the picture below. Size: Female 8-12 mm; male 7-8 mm. Maturity: Spring and early summer? Habitat: Under stones and other objects in dry and sunny places such as wasteland. Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Spain (Mainland)?, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Georgia (Platnick 10.0).
Juvenile.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female abdomen.
Female.
Female, characteristic dorsal spines on femur IV.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female mouthparts.
Female, venter.
Female, eyes.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Harpactea rucnerorum Polenec & Thaler, 1975
Range: Croatia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Croatia (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Kaemis Deeleman-Reinhold, 1993
Kaemis vernalis Deeleman-Reinhold, 1993
Range: Bosnia/Herzegowina, Croatia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Montenegro (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Mesostalita Deeleman-Reinhold, 1971
Mesostalita comottii (Gasparo, 1999)
Range: Croatia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Croatia (Platnick 10.0).
Mesostalita nocturna (Roewer, 1931)
Range: Croatia, Italy (Mainland), Slovenia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy, Slovenia (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Parastalita Absolon & Kratochvl, 1932
Parastalita stygia (Joseph, 1882)
Range: Bosnia/Herzegowina, Croatia, Slovenia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Bosnia-Hercegovina (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Rhode Simon, 1882
Rhode tenuipes (Simon, 1882)
Range: Croatia, France (Corsica) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Corsica (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Stalagtia Kratochvl, 1970
Stalagtia hercegovinensis (Nosek, 1905)
Range: Bosnia/Herzegowina, Croatia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Balkans, Crete (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Stalita Schidte, 1847
Stalita inermifemur Roewer, 1931
Range: Croatia, Slovenia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Slovenia, Croatia (Platnick 10.0).
Stalita pretneri Deeleman-Reinhold, 1971
Range: Croatia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Croatia (Platnick 10.0).
Stalita taenaria Schidte, 1847
Range: Croatia, Italy (Mainland), Slovenia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy, Slovenia (Platnick 10.0).