- filtered for Spain (Mainland)
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Dysderidae (Woodlouse Spiders)
Characters of family: Six-eyed spiders with the eyes arranged in an oval ring. They are haplogyne without epigynes and the male palpal organs are relatively simple. The legs are stout, without much hair and usually with few or none spines.
Genus: Dysdera Latreille, 1804
Characters of genus: The chelicerae are long and projects forward considerably. They seem well adapted to defeat woodlice.
Dysdera affinis Ferrndez, 1996
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera aurgitana Ferrndez, 1996
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera baetica Ferrndez, 1984
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera bicornis Fage, 1931
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera castillonensis Ferrndez, 1996
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera crocata C. L. Koch, 1838
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Portugal (Selvagens Islands), Romania, Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Cosmopolitan (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male palp.
Dysdera edumifera Ferrndez, 1983
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera erythrina (Walckenaer, 1802)
Description: Chelicerae almost half the length of the cephalothorax. This is a character separating it from the somewhat larger and stouter D. crocota which have chelicerae lengths more than half the length of the cephalothorax. Size: Female 9-10 mm; male 7-8 mm. Habitat: Warm, damp and semidamp places, sites also preferred by woodlice. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Macedonia, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia?, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Georgia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male, note that there are no dorsal spines on femur IV.
Male palp.
Male.
Male.
Male, chelicers.
Dysdera espanoli Ribera & Ferrndez, 1986
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera falciformis Barrientos & Ferrndez, 1982
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera flavitarsis Simon, 1882
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera fuscipes Simon, 1882
Range: France (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Dysdera gamarrae Ferrndez, 1984
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera helenae Ferrndez, 1996
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera inermis Ferrndez, 1984
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera lusitanica Kulczynski, 1915
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera machadoi Ferrndez, 1996
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera mucronata Simon, 1910
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Morocco, Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera ortunoi Ferrndez, 1996
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera presai Ferrndez, 1984
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera punctata C. L. Koch, 1838
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Mainland)?, Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Slovakia?, Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Southeastern Europe to Georgia (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera subsquarrosa Simon, 1914
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Slovenia?, Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera valentina Ribera, 2004
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera veigai Ferrndez, 1984
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera vivesi Ribera & Ferrndez, 1986
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera westringi O. P.-Cambridge, 1872
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, France (Corsica), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Moldova?, Slovakia, Spain (Mainland), Ukraine?, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Harpactea Bristowe, 1939
Characters of genus: The nocturnal species of this genus is characterised by small chelicerea as opposed to .
Harpactea aeruginosa Barrientos, Espuny & Ascaso, 1994
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea blasi Ribera & Ferrndez, 1986
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea fageli Brignoli, 1980
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea gaditana Pesarini, 1988
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea hispana (Simon, 1882)
Range: France (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea hombergi (Scopoli, 1763)
Description: Females with elongate slim abdomen. Males even slimmer with long tubular abdomen. Head rather glossy and dark, abdomen greyish brown. Legs yellow but with parts of femora, tibia and metatarsi darkened. Size: Female 6-7 mm; male 5-6 mm. Maturity: All year? Habitat: Under bark, stones, dead wood and roots, sometimes between dried leaves in grrass tussucks etc. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Female.
Harpactea minoccii Ferrndez, 1982
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea ortegai Ribera & De Mas, 2003
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea parvula (Dufour, 1820) (Nomen dubium)
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea rubicunda (C. L. Koch, 1838)
Description: Similar in appearance to Dysdera species but has much less prominent chelicerea. The number of spines on femur IV (8-10) is also higher than found within Dysdera (1-3). These spines are just visible on the picture below. Size: Female 8-12 mm; male 7-8 mm. Maturity: Spring and early summer? Habitat: Under stones and other objects in dry and sunny places such as wasteland. Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Spain (Mainland)?, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Georgia (Platnick 10.0).
Juvenile.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female abdomen.
Female.
Female, characteristic dorsal spines on femur IV.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female mouthparts.
Female, venter.
Female, eyes.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Harpactea sciakyi Pesarini, 1988
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea serena (Simon, 1907)
Range: France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Harpactocrates Simon, 1914
Harpactocrates cazorlensis Ferrndez, 1986
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactocrates drassoides (Simon, 1882)
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Western Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactocrates escuderoi Ferrndez, 1986
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactocrates globifer Ferrndez, 1986
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactocrates gredensis Ferrndez, 1986
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactocrates gurdus Simon, 1914
Range: France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactocrates meridionalis Ferrndez & Martin, 1986
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactocrates radulifer Simon, 1914
Range: France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactocrates ravastellus Simon, 1914
Range: Andorra, France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Parachtes Alicata, 1964
Parachtes cantabrorum (Simon, 1914)
Range: France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Parachtes deminutus (Denis, 1957)
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Parachtes ignavus (Simon, 1882)
Range: France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France, Corsica (Platnick 10.0).
Parachtes loboi Jimnez-Valverde, Barriga & Moreno, 2006
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Parachtes teruelis (Kraus, 1955)
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Rhode Simon, 1882
Rhode scutiventris Simon, 1882
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain, Morocco, Algeria (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Genus: Speleoharpactea Ribera, 1982
Speleoharpactea levantina Ribera, 1982
Range: Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).