- filtered for France (Mainland)
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Dysderidae (Woodlouse Spiders)
Characters of family: Six-eyed spiders with the eyes arranged in an oval ring. They are haplogyne without epigynes and the male palpal organs are relatively simple. The legs are stout, without much hair and usually with few or none spines.
Genus: Dasumia Thorell, 1875
Dasumia laevigata (Thorell, 1873)
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Dasumia taeniifera Thorell, 1875
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Switzerland, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Dysdera Latreille, 1804
Characters of genus: The chelicerae are long and projects forward considerably. They seem well adapted to defeat woodlice.
Dysdera cribrata Simon, 1882
Range: Andorra, France (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland)? (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera crocata C. L. Koch, 1838
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Portugal (Selvagens Islands), Romania, Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Cosmopolitan (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male palp.
Dysdera erythrina (Walckenaer, 1802)
Description: Chelicerae almost half the length of the cephalothorax. This is a character separating it from the somewhat larger and stouter D. crocota which have chelicerae lengths more than half the length of the cephalothorax. Size: Female 9-10 mm; male 7-8 mm. Habitat: Warm, damp and semidamp places, sites also preferred by woodlice. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Macedonia, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia?, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Georgia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male, note that there are no dorsal spines on femur IV.
Male palp.
Male.
Male.
Male, chelicers.
Dysdera erythrina lantosquensis Simon, 1882
Range: Austria, Czech Republic, France (Mainland), Hungary, Slovakia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera erythrina provincialis Simon, 1882
Range: France (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera fuscipes Simon, 1882
Range: France (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Dysdera kulczynskii Simon, 1914
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera nicaeensis Thorell, 1873
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera ninnii Canestrini, 1868
Range: Austria, Bosnia/Herzegowina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Crete), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Central, Southern Europe to Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Dysdera punctata C. L. Koch, 1838
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, France (Mainland)?, Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Slovakia?, Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Southeastern Europe to Georgia (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera rudis Simon, 1882
Range: France (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera subsquarrosa Simon, 1914
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Slovenia?, Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Harpactea Bristowe, 1939
Characters of genus: The nocturnal species of this genus is characterised by small chelicerea as opposed to .
Harpactea arguta (Simon, 1907)
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea corticalis (Simon, 1882)
Range: France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Malta, Spain (Balearic Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Southern Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Harpactea haymozi Brignoli, 1979
Range: France (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea hispana (Simon, 1882)
Range: France (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea hombergi (Scopoli, 1763)
Description: Females with elongate slim abdomen. Males even slimmer with long tubular abdomen. Head rather glossy and dark, abdomen greyish brown. Legs yellow but with parts of femora, tibia and metatarsi darkened. Size: Female 6-7 mm; male 5-6 mm. Maturity: All year? Habitat: Under bark, stones, dead wood and roots, sometimes between dried leaves in grrass tussucks etc. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Female.
Harpactea lepida (C. L. Koch, 1838)
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Ukraine?, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Moldavia (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea serena (Simon, 1907)
Range: France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Harpactocrates Simon, 1914
Harpactocrates apennicola Simon, 1914
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactocrates drassoides (Simon, 1882)
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Western Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactocrates gurdus Simon, 1914
Range: France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactocrates intermedius Dalmas, 1915
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactocrates radulifer Simon, 1914
Range: France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactocrates ravastellus Simon, 1914
Range: Andorra, France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Parachtes Alicata, 1964
Parachtes cantabrorum (Simon, 1914)
Range: France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France (Platnick 10.0).
Parachtes ignavus (Simon, 1882)
Range: France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain, France, Corsica (Platnick 10.0).