- filtered for Italy (Mainland)
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Dysderidae (Woodlouse Spiders)
Characters of family: Six-eyed spiders with the eyes arranged in an oval ring. They are haplogyne without epigynes and the male palpal organs are relatively simple. The legs are stout, without much hair and usually with few or none spines.
Genus: Dasumia Thorell, 1875
Dasumia canestrinii (L. Koch, 1876)
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Southern Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Dasumia diomedea Caporiacco, 1947
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dasumia laevigata (Thorell, 1873)
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Dasumia taeniifera Thorell, 1875
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Switzerland, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Dysdera Latreille, 1804
Characters of genus: The chelicerae are long and projects forward considerably. They seem well adapted to defeat woodlice.
Dysdera andreini Caporiacco, 1928
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera apenninica Alicata, 1964
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera apenninica aprutiana Alicata, 1964
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera arganoi Gasparo, 2004
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera baratellii Pesarini, 2001
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera bottazziae Caporiacco, 1951
Range: Bosnia/Herzegowina, Croatia, Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy, Croatia (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera brignoliana Gasparo, 2000
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera centroitalica Gasparo, 1997
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera crocata C. L. Koch, 1838
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Portugal (Selvagens Islands), Romania, Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Cosmopolitan (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male palp.
Dysdera erythrina (Walckenaer, 1802)
Description: Chelicerae almost half the length of the cephalothorax. This is a character separating it from the somewhat larger and stouter D. crocota which have chelicerae lengths more than half the length of the cephalothorax. Size: Female 9-10 mm; male 7-8 mm. Habitat: Warm, damp and semidamp places, sites also preferred by woodlice. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Macedonia, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia?, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Georgia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male, note that there are no dorsal spines on femur IV.
Male palp.
Male.
Male.
Male, chelicers.
Dysdera flagellifera Caporiacco, 1947
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera fustigans Alicata, 1966
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera granulata Kulczynski, 1897
Range: Albania, Croatia, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy, Balkans, Albania (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera kulczynskii Simon, 1914
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera ligustica Gasparo, 1997
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera monterossoi Alicata, 1964
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera nicaeensis Thorell, 1873
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera ninnii Canestrini, 1868
Range: Austria, Bosnia/Herzegowina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Crete), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Central, Southern Europe to Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Dysdera nubila Simon, 1882
Range: France (Corsica), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Portugal (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Corsica, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera osellai Alicata, 1973
Range: Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera paganettii Deeleman-Reinhold, 1988
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera pavani Caporiacco, 1941
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera pominii Caporiacco, 1947
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera pristiphora Pesarini, 2001
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera romana Gasparo & Di Franco, 2008
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera rullii Pesarini, 2001
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera sibyllinica Kritscher, 1956
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera silana Alicata, 1965
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera subsquarrosa Simon, 1914
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Slovenia?, Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera westringi O. P.-Cambridge, 1872
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, France (Corsica), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Moldova?, Slovakia, Spain (Mainland), Ukraine?, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Harpactea Bristowe, 1939
Characters of genus: The nocturnal species of this genus is characterised by small chelicerea as opposed to .
Harpactea arguta (Simon, 1907)
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea corticalis (Simon, 1882)
Range: France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Malta, Spain (Balearic Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Southern Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Harpactea gridellii (Caporiacco, 1951)
Range: Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea grisea (Canestrini, 1868)
Range: Austria, Italy (Mainland), Liechtenstein, Slovenia, Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Switzerland, Austria, Italy, Slovenia (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea hombergi (Scopoli, 1763)
Description: Females with elongate slim abdomen. Males even slimmer with long tubular abdomen. Head rather glossy and dark, abdomen greyish brown. Legs yellow but with parts of femora, tibia and metatarsi darkened. Size: Female 6-7 mm; male 5-6 mm. Maturity: All year? Habitat: Under bark, stones, dead wood and roots, sometimes between dried leaves in grrass tussucks etc. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Female.
Harpactea lepida (C. L. Koch, 1838)
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Ukraine?, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Moldavia (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea longobarda Pesarini, 2001
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea oglasana Gasparo, 1992
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea piligera (Thorell, 1875)
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea sanctidomini Gasparo, 1997
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea strandi (Caporiacco, 1939)
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea thaleri Alicata, 1966
Range: Italy (Mainland), Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Switzerland, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea zannonensis Alicata, 1966
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Harpactocrates Simon, 1914
Harpactocrates apennicola Simon, 1914
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactocrates drassoides (Simon, 1882)
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Western Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactocrates intermedius Dalmas, 1915
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Kaemis Deeleman-Reinhold, 1993
Kaemis carnicus Gasparo, 1995
Range: Italy (Mainland), Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Kaemis circe (Brignoli, 1975)
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Mesostalita Deeleman-Reinhold, 1971
Mesostalita nocturna (Roewer, 1931)
Range: Croatia, Italy (Mainland), Slovenia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy, Slovenia (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Parachtes Alicata, 1964
Parachtes andreinii Alicata, 1966
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Parachtes latialis Alicata, 1966
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Parachtes romandiolae (Caporiacco, 1949)
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Parachtes siculus (Caporiacco, 1949)
Range: Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Parachtes vernae (Caporiacco, 1936)
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Rhode Simon, 1882
Rhode biscutata Simon, 1893
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Rhode testudinea Pesarini, 1984
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Stalita Schidte, 1847
Stalita taenaria Schidte, 1847
Range: Croatia, Italy (Mainland), Slovenia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy, Slovenia (Platnick 10.0).