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Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Dysderidae (Woodlouse Spiders)
Characters of family: Six-eyed spiders with the eyes arranged in an oval ring. They are haplogyne without epigynes and the male palpal organs are relatively simple. The legs are stout, without much hair and usually with few or none spines.
Genus: Dasumia Thorell, 1875
Dasumia canestrinii (L. Koch, 1876)
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Romania, Slovenia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Southern Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Dasumia chyzeri (Kulczynski, 1906)
Range: Croatia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Dasumia kusceri (Kratochvíl, 1935)
Range: Bulgaria, Macedonia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Dysdera Latreille, 1804
Characters of genus: The chelicerae are long and projects forward considerably. They seem well adapted to defeat woodlice.
Dysdera adriatica Kulczynski, 1897
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovenia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Austria, Balkans (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera bellimundi Deeleman-Reinhold, 1988
Range: Albania, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Montenegro, Albania (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera crocata C. L. Koch, 1838
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Macedonia, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal (Azores), Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Portugal (Selvagens Islands), Romania, Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Cosmopolitan (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male palp.
Dysdera dubrovninnii Deeleman-Reinhold, 1988
Range: Albania, Bosnia/Herzegowina, Croatia, Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Balkans, Albania (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Dysdera erythrina (Walckenaer, 1802)
Description: Chelicerae almost half the length of the cephalothorax. This is a character separating it from the somewhat larger and stouter D. crocota which have chelicerae lengths more than half the length of the cephalothorax. Size: Female 9-10 mm; male 7-8 mm. Habitat: Warm, damp and semidamp places, sites also preferred by woodlice. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Macedonia, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia?, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Georgia (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Male.
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male, note that there are no dorsal spines on femur IV.
Male palp.
Male.
Male.
Male, chelicers.
Dysdera granulata Kulczynski, 1897
Range: Albania, Croatia, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy, Balkans, Albania (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera hungarica Kulczynski, 1897
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Moldova, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Europe to Azerbaijan (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera kollari Doblika, 1853
Range: Croatia, Greece (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Slovenia, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Balkans to Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera longirostris Doblika, 1853
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Hungary, Moldova, Romania, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Europe to Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera ninnii Canestrini, 1868
Range: Austria, Bosnia/Herzegowina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Crete), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Central, Southern Europe to Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Dysdera pretneri Deeleman-Reinhold, 1988
Range: Greece (Mainland), Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Croatia, Montenegro, Greece, Corfu (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera spinicrus Simon, 1882
Range: Cyprus, Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Balkans to Syria (Platnick 10.0).
Dysdera westringi O. P.-Cambridge, 1872
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, France (Corsica), Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Moldova?, Slovakia, Spain (Mainland), Ukraine?, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Dysderocrates Deeleman-Reinhold & Deeleman, 1988
Dysderocrates egregius (Kulczynski, 1897)
Range: Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Romania, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Hungary, Romania (Platnick 10.0).
Dysderocrates storkani (Kratochvíl, 1935)
Range: Macedonia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Balkans (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Folkia Kratochvl, 1970
Folkia mrazeki (Nosek, 1904)
Range: Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Montenegro (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Harpactea Bristowe, 1939
Characters of genus: The nocturnal species of this genus is characterised by small chelicerea as opposed to .
Harpactea hombergi (Scopoli, 1763)
Description: Females with elongate slim abdomen. Males even slimmer with long tubular abdomen. Head rather glossy and dark, abdomen greyish brown. Legs yellow but with parts of femora, tibia and metatarsi darkened. Size: Female 6-7 mm; male 5-6 mm. Maturity: All year? Habitat: Under bark, stones, dead wood and roots, sometimes between dried leaves in grrass tussucks etc. Range: Andorra, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Channel Islands), Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Moldova, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Female.
Harpactea incerta Brignoli, 1979
Range: Greece (Mainland), Yugoslavia? (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea lepida (C. L. Koch, 1838)
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, France (Mainland), Germany, Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Liechtenstein, Macedonia, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Switzerland, Ukraine?, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Moldavia (Platnick 10.0).
Harpactea rubicunda (C. L. Koch, 1838)
Description: Similar in appearance to Dysdera species but has much less prominent chelicerea. The number of spines on femur IV (8-10) is also higher than found within Dysdera (1-3). These spines are just visible on the picture below. Size: Female 8-12 mm; male 7-8 mm. Maturity: Spring and early summer? Habitat: Under stones and other objects in dry and sunny places such as wasteland. Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Spain (Mainland)?, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Georgia (Platnick 10.0).
Juvenile.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female abdomen.
Female.
Female, characteristic dorsal spines on femur IV.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Female mouthparts.
Female, venter.
Female, eyes.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Harpactea saeva (Herman, 1879)
Range: Bulgaria, Hungary, Macedonia, Moldova, Romania, Slovakia, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Europe, Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Kaemis Deeleman-Reinhold, 1993
Kaemis carnicus Gasparo, 1995
Range: Italy (Mainland), Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Kaemis vernalis Deeleman-Reinhold, 1993
Range: Bosnia/Herzegowina, Croatia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Montenegro (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Rhode Simon, 1882
Rhode magnifica Deeleman-Reinhold, 1978
Range: Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Montenegro (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Stalagtia Kratochvl, 1970
Stalagtia monospina (Absolon & Kratochvíl, 1933)
Range: Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Montenegro (Platnick 10.0).
Stalagtia skadarensis Kratochvíl, 1970
Range: Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Montenegro (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Stalitella Absolon & Kratochvl, 1932
Stalitella noseki Absolon & Kratochvíl, 1933
Range: Bosnia/Herzegowina, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Bosnia-Hercegovina, Montenegro (Platnick 10.0).