- all species listed
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Ctenizidae (Cork-Lid Trapdoor Spiders)
Genus: Cteniza Latreille, 1829
Cteniza brevidens (Doleschall, 1871)
Range: Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Sicily, Sardinia (Platnick 10.0).
Cteniza moggridgei O. P.-Cambridge, 1874
Range: Greece (Mainland)?, Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Cteniza sauvagesi (Rossi, 1788)
Range: France (Corsica), Greece (Mainland)?, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Corsica, Sardinia (Platnick 10.0).
Entrance to subterranean tube, lid removed.
Lid to subterranean tube, outside surface.
Lid to subterranean tube, side facing tube.
Female.
Female.
Female, chelicers with rastellum.
Female, venter.
Cteniza solitaria (Risso, 1826) (Nomen dubium)
Global range: No data (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Cyrtocarenum Ausserer, 1871
Cyrtocarenum cunicularium (Olivier, 1811)
Range: Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece, Crete, Rhodes, Turkey (Platnick 10.0).
Cyrtocarenum grajum (C. L. Koch, 1836)
Range: Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece, Crete (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female carapace.
Female.
Juvenile.
Juvenile, leg spination.
Juvenile.
Juvenile, note rastellum (strong spines at chelicerea used for burrowing).
Spiderlings in the trap-door tube of the mother.
Spiderling.
Close-up of open trap door.
Close-up of closed trap door.
At a distance it is difficult to spot a closed trap door (look slightly to the left of image centre).
Female, spinners.
Genus: Ummidia Thorell, 1875
Ummidia aedificatoria (Westwood, 1840)
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Western Mediterranean (Platnick 10.0).
Ummidia occidentalis (Simon, 1909)
Range: Spain (Mainland)? (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Morocco (Platnick 10.0).