- only species with images listed
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Ctenizidae (Cork-Lid Trapdoor Spiders)
This family is represented in Europe with 8 species in 3 genera (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009). European genera (number of species in parenthesis): Cteniza (4), Cyrtocarenum (2), Ummidia (2).
Genus: Cteniza Latreille, 1829
There are 4 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Cteniza brevidens, C. moggridgei, C. sauvagesi, C. solitaria (nomen dubium).
Cteniza sauvagesi (Rossi, 1788)
Range: France (Corsica), Greece (Mainland)?, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Corsica, Sardinia (Platnick 10.0).
Female, chelicers with rastellum.
Lid to subterranean tube, side facing tube.
Lid to subterranean tube, outside surface.
Entrance to subterranean tube, lid removed.
Female, venter.
Genus: Cyrtocarenum Ausserer, 1871
There are 2 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Cyrtocarenum cunicularium, C. grajum.
Cyrtocarenum grajum (C. L. Koch, 1836)
Range: Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece, Crete (Platnick 10.0).
Close-up of closed trap door.
Female carapace.
Juvenile, leg spination.
Juvenile, note rastellum (strong spines at chelicerea used for burrowing).
Spiderlings in the trap-door tube of the mother.
Close-up of open trap door.
At a distance it is difficult to spot a closed trap door (look slightly to the left of image centre).
Female, spinners.