- only species with images listed
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Ctenizidae (Cork-Lid Trapdoor Spiders)
This family is represented in Europe with 8 species in 3 genera (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009). European genera (number of species in parenthesis): Cteniza (4), Cyrtocarenum (2), Ummidia (2).
Genus: Cteniza Latreille, 1829
There are 4 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Cteniza brevidens, C. moggridgei, C. sauvagesi, C. solitaria (nomen dubium).
Cteniza sauvagesi (Rossi, 1788)
Range: France (Corsica), Greece (Mainland)?, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Corsica, Sardinia (Platnick 10.0).
Female, chelicers with rastellum.
Female.
Female.
Lid to subterranean tube, side facing tube.
Lid to subterranean tube, outside surface.
Entrance to subterranean tube, lid removed.
Female, venter.
Genus: Cyrtocarenum Ausserer, 1871
There are 2 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Cyrtocarenum cunicularium, C. grajum.
Cyrtocarenum grajum (C. L. Koch, 1836)
Range: Greece (Crete), Greece (Cyclades), Greece (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Greece, Crete (Platnick 10.0).
Close-up of closed trap door.
Female.
Female carapace.
Female.
Juvenile.
Juvenile, leg spination.
Juvenile.
Juvenile, note rastellum (strong spines at chelicerea used for burrowing).
Spiderlings in the trap-door tube of the mother.
Female.
Close-up of open trap door.
At a distance it is difficult to spot a closed trap door (look slightly to the left of image centre).
Female, spinners.
Spiderling.