- all species listed
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Corinnidae (Ant-like Sac Spiders)
Genus: Castianeira Keyserling, 1879
Castianeira badia (Simon, 1877)
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Cetonana Strand, 1929
Cetonana laticeps (Canestrini, 1868)
Range: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia, Spain (Mainland), Switzerland, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Creugas Thorell, 1878
Creugas gulosus Thorell, 1878
Range: Great Britain (Mainland) (introduced), Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Cosmopolitan (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Liophrurillus Wunderlich, 1992
Liophrurillus flavitarsis (Lucas, 1846)
Range: France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe, Madeira, North Africa (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Genus: Metatrachelas Bosselaers & Bosmans, 2010
Metatrachelas macrochelis Wunderlich, 1992
Range: Portugal (Azores), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is, Azores (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Metatrachelas rayi Simon, 1878
Range: France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: France, Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Phrurolinillus Wunderlich, 1995
Phrurolinillus lisboensis Wunderlich, 1995
Range: Portugal (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal (Platnick 10.0).
Phrurolinillus tibialis (Simon, 1878)
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Spain (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Phrurolithus C. L. Koch, 1839
Characters of genus: The species resemble species of Micaria in the Gnaphosidae since they also run about in sunshine in an antlike fashion, but they lack the iredecence of Micaria. The abdomen is marked with white spots, sometimes appearing as lines. Males with a shiny dorsal scutum covering the abdomen.
Phrurolithus corsicus (Simon, 1878)
Range: France (Corsica), Italy (Sardinia), Macedonia, Romania, Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Corsica to Romania (Platnick 10.0).
Phrurolithus festivus (C. L. Koch, 1835)
Description: Darkbrown carapace with head black. The carapace is sparsely covered with fine silky hairs. Abdomen dark grey to black with six white spots, two anterior spots in each side, three midway which together appear to form a chevron and a small spot just above the spinnerets. The male is slightly smaller than the female and has less clear white spots. Legs are yellow-brown, except femore I and II which are dark. Size: 2.5-3 mm. Maturity: Males spring to early summer, females spring to late summer. Habitat: Under stones (often with ants), in leaflitter and moss in both damp and dry situations. Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male and female mating.
Male and female mating. Note inflated male palp.
Male and female mating.
Phrurolithus florentinus Caporiacco, 1923
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Phrurolithus minimus C. L. Koch, 1839
Range: Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Phrurolithus nigrinus (Simon, 1878)
Range: Andorra, France (Mainland), Germany, Italy (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Phrurolithus pullatus Kulczynski, 1897
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe to Central Asia (Platnick 10.0).
Phrurolithus pygmaeus Thorell, 1875
Range: Russia (Eastern European)?, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Russia, Ukraine (Platnick 10.0).
Phrurolithus rufescens C. L. Koch, 1839
Global range: Germany (Platnick 10.0).
Phrurolithus szilyi Herman, 1879
Range: Austria, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Macedonia, Romania, Slovakia, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Genus: Trachelas L. Koch, 1872
Trachelas canariensis Wunderlich, 1987
Range: Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Trachelas ibericus Bosselaers et al., 2009
Range: France (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain, France, Algeria (Platnick 10.0).
Trachelas maculatus Thorell, 1875
Range: Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary?, Italy (Mainland), Slovenia, Spain (Balearic Islands), Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Eastern Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.
Trachelas minor O. P.-Cambridge, 1872
Range: France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Greece (Crete), Greece (Mainland), Greece (North Aegean Islands), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Slovenia?, Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Mediterranean to Azerbaijan, West Africa (Platnick 10.0).
Trachelas purus Kritscher, 1969
Range: Italy (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Italy (Platnick 10.0).
Trachelas uniaculeatus Schmidt, 1956
Range: Spain (Canary Islands) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is (Platnick 10.0).
Trachelas validus Simon, 1884
Range: Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Portugal, Spain (Platnick 10.0).