- only species with images listed
Images and Species Descriptions
Text and photographs © 2011 Jørgen Lissner
The Spiders of Europe and Greenland
Family: Corinnidae (Ant-like Sac Spiders)
Taxonomic note: The genera of this family were previously placed in the families Liocranidae or Clubionidae.
This family is represented in Europe with 24 species in 7 genera (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009). European genera (number of species in parenthesis): Castianeira (1), Cetonana (1), Creugas (1), Liophrurillus (1), Metatrachelas (1), Phrurolinillus (2), Phrurolithus (9), Trachelas (9).
Genus: Liophrurillus Wunderlich, 1992
There is 1 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Liophrurillus flavitarsis.
Liophrurillus flavitarsis (Lucas, 1846)
Range: France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Portugal (Madeira), Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe, Madeira, North Africa (Platnick 10.0).
Female.
Female.
Female.
Female.
Genus: Metatrachelas Bosselaers & Bosmans, 2010
There are 1 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Metatrachelas macrochelis, M. rayi.
Metatrachelas macrochelis Wunderlich, 1992
Range: Portugal (Azores), Spain (Canary Islands), Spain (Mainland) (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Canary Is, Azores (Platnick 10.0).
Juvenile.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Male.
Juvenile.
Genus: Phrurolithus C. L. Koch, 1839
Characters of genus: The species resemble species of Micaria in the Gnaphosidae since they also run about in sunshine in an antlike fashion, but they lack the iredecence of Micaria. The abdomen is marked with white spots, sometimes appearing as lines. Males with a shiny dorsal scutum covering the abdomen.
There are 9 European species (van Helsdingen, 2009; Platnick, 2009): Phrurolithus corsicus, P. festivus, P. florentinus, P. minimus, P. nigrinus, P. pullatus, P. pygmaeus, P. rufescens, P. szilyi.
Phrurolithus festivus (C. L. Koch, 1835)
Description: Darkbrown carapace with head black. The carapace is sparsely covered with fine silky hairs. Abdomen dark grey to black with six white spots, two anterior spots in each side, three midway which together appear to form a chevron and a small spot just above the spinnerets. The male is slightly smaller than the female and has less clear white spots. Legs are yellow-brown, except femore I and II which are dark. Size: 2.5-3 mm. Maturity: Males spring to early summer, females spring to late summer. Habitat: Under stones (often with ants), in leaflitter and moss in both damp and dry situations. Range: Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France (Corsica), France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Great Britain (Northern Ireland), Greece (Dodecanese Islands), Greece (Mainland), Hungary, Ireland, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sardinia), Italy (Sicily), Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Macedonia, Moldova, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Russia (Kaliningrad Region), Russia (Northern European), Russia (NW. European), Russia (Southern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Female.
Male.
Female.
Male and female mating.
Male and female mating. Note inflated male palp.
Male and female mating.
Male.
Phrurolithus minimus C. L. Koch, 1839
Range: Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, France (Mainland), Germany, Great Britain (Mainland), Hungary, Italy (Mainland), Italy (Sicily), Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway (Mainland), Poland, Portugal (Mainland), Romania, Russia (Central European), Russia (Eastern European), Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain (Mainland), Sweden, Switzerland, Ukraine (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Palearctic (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Female.
Male.
Male.
Female.
Phrurolithus nigrinus (Simon, 1878)
Range: Andorra, France (Mainland), Germany, Italy (Mainland), Portugal (Mainland), Spain (Balearic Islands), Spain (Mainland), Switzerland (van Helsdingen 2009.1). Global range: Europe (Platnick 10.0).
Male.
Male.
Male.